What is Trans-Vaginal Mesh (TVM)?
Trans-vaginal mesh is a type of surgical mesh which is generally made from polypropylene or polyester. It is implanted in the vagina and is used to create what is sometimes called a pelvic sling or bladder sling. As mentioned above, it is used to treat POP and Stress Urinary Incontinence. These conditions sometimes appear after childbirth or other surgical intervention of the female organs such as a hysterectomy.
Complications from Use of Trans-Vaginal Mesh
- Mesh Erosion
- Urinary Problems
- Vaginal Scarring
- Vaginal Shrinkage
- Recurrence of Prolapse or Incontinence
- Painful Sexual Intercourse
- Organ Perforation
- Emotional Problems
Trans-Vaginal Mesh Erosion
The FDA finds that trans-vaginal mesh erosion is the most common side effect of use of a TVM or bladder sling. As the mesh erodes, it can require multiple surgeries to repair and can be debilitating for many women. In some cases, even multiple surgeries will not resolve this complication and will significantly impair the patients quality of life. The complete removal of the mesh often may not be possible and may not result in complete resolution of complications including severe pain. In some cases, when pieces of the mesh erode, they break off and enter the blood stream. This may cause such major complications as lung infections and kidney problems, as well as injuries to the bowel and bladder.
Women dealing with complications from TVM implantation may also suffer from mesh contraction or shrinkage. This side effect has been reported to cause significant vaginal shortening. This will often cause severe pelvic pain and painful sexual intercourse or a complete inability to engage in sexual intercourse.
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